Intrusive Equivalent: diorite or gabbro. Mineral Composition: Predominantly Glass. Start studying igneous rocks. 16. The differences between Andesite and Diorite are in their grain size and their cooling rate. Most bodies of magma rising to the surface get emplaced (stuck) inside the earth ’ s crust. ... Diorite was used extensively by ancient civilizations for vases and other decorative artwork and is still used for art today (Figure below). Igneous rocks that solidify within the crust are called "intrusive rocks" or "plutonic rocks" (named for Pluto, the Roman God of the Underworld). Cooling rate and gas content create other textures (see Figure below for examples of different textures). Compositions range from rocks rich in the framework silicates quartz and potasium feldspar, to those rich in minerals containing magnesium and iron (olivines and pyroxines). Cooling Rate: rapid, extrusive. Diorite is slowly crystallized inside the earth. The same magma on Andesite and Diorite rapidly crystallizes on the Earth's surface and forms Andesite. Phaneritic: coarse grain, individual crystals are visible - slow cooling. Igneous rocks are made up of several different mineral crystals that grow within the melt as it cools. GABBRO BASALT DIORITE ANDESITE (PORPHYRY) GRANITE RHYOLITE PUMICE OBS ID AN Cooling History/Texture Slow Cooling and Coarse Grained Fast Cooling and Fine Grained Very Fast Cooling and Glassy/Cellular Mafic and Dark Color Felsic Diorite is plutonic and andesite is volcanic. — They formed differently 10. Other Characteristics: vesicular like pumice, but denser and darker with larger vesicles. Which rock is sedimentary in origin and formed as a result of chemical processes? — One forms from cooling magma, and one forms from cooling lava. Cooling Rate: rapid, extrusive,fast. Explanation: Hope it helps. Grain Size & Cooling Rate. Origin: Extrusive/Volcanic. What is the origin and rate of formation of this rock? Lavas that cool extremely rapidly may have a glassy texture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. • Cooling Rate: rapid, extrusive • Intrusive Equivalent: diorite or gabbro • Other Characteristics: vesicular, but denser and darker with larger vesicles What are the top 10 accidents in the world? Crystals in magma grow in a similar way as the melt cools. Igneous rocks are classified on two axies: Composition and cooling rate. The video below is a clip of crystals forming in solution. New questions in Science. As magma cools, it begins to crystallise and form solid rock. — One is extrusive and one is intrusive. The higher the rate of cooling the smaller the size of the crystals. — They cooled at different rates. Diorite produced coarse grain sizes from slow cooling. … The rate of cooling is proportional to the difference in temperature between the bodies in contact with heat flowing from the warmer body to the cooler body. 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